Government at a Glance 2015
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In this post-crisis period, governments in OECD countries continue to play an active role in the economy while undertaking major reforms to increase value for money and improve the access and quality of public services. The set of indicators presented inGovernment at a Glance 2015provides countries with solid evidence to support the design and implementation of public sector reforms and good practices. It presents indicators on the entire production chain of government, including resources (financial and human), practices and procedures and key trends in performance and results. The opening chapter offers some general policy insights emerging from the data presented in the publication. This edition focuses on the role of governments in fostering inclusive growth and a more inclusive society. This work was led by Zsuzsanna Lonti of the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate (GOV) under the direction of Rolf Alter and Edwin Lau. It is a major component of GOV’s work programme, which seeks to help governments at all levels design and implement strategic, evidence-based and innovative policies to strengthen public governance, respond effectively to diverse and disruptive economic, social and environmental challenges and deliver on governments’ commitments to citizens. The publication was drafted by Santiago González, Guillaume Lafortune, Alessandro Lupi and Daniel Sanchez-Serra. Major drafted contributions were received from Luiz De Mello, Edwin Lau, Stéphane Jacobzone, Julio Bacio Terracino, Lisa Von Trapp and Paloma Baena Olabe (Chapter 1: Inclusive government for a more inclusive society); Luiz De Mello (Chapter 2: Public finance and economics); Daniel Gerson, Tatyana Teplova and Pinar Guven (Chapter 3: Public employment and compensation); Andrew Davies and Andrea Urhammer (Chapter 4: Institutions); Ronnie Downes, Ian Hawkesworth, Lisa Von Trapp, Camilla Vammalle and Ihssane Loudiyi (Chapter 5: Budgeting practices and procedures); Daniel Gerson, Christoph Demkke and Alice Lazzati (Chapter 6: Human resource management); Janos Bertok, Julio Bacio Terracino, Maria-Emma Cantera, Jovana Blagotic, Yukihiko Hamada, Minjoo Son (Chapter 7: Public sector integrity); Céline Kaufmann, Christiane Arndt, Faisal Naru, Daniel Trnka, Manuel Flores Romero, Rebecca Schultz (Chapter 8: Regulatory governance); Janos Bertok, Julio Bacio Terracino, Paulo Magina, Maria-Emma Cantera, Minjoo Son (Chapter 9: Public procurement); Barbara Ubaldi, Arthur Mickoleit and Ryan Androsoff (Chapter 10: Digital government); Tatyana Teplova and Pinar Guven (Chapter 12: Serving citizens). We thank Kate Lancaster, Katherine Kraig-Ernandes, Lia Beyeler and Laura Boutin for their help in preparing the document for publication. This publication is the result of contributions from a wide range of sources and expertise. It benefited from inputs provided by the OECD Public Governance Committee and the Government at a Glance Steering Group (details in Annex F); the OECD Committee on Statistics; the Public Employment and Management Working Party; the Working Party of Senior Budget Officials; the OECD Expert Group on Conflict of Interest; the Working Party of Senior Digital Government Officials (E-Leaders); the Working Party of the Leading Practitioners on Public Procurement; the Expert Group on Innovative and Open Government; and the Working Party on Territorial Indicators. Valuable comments have also been received from Peter Van de Ven, Jennifer Ribarsky, Catherine La Rosa- FOREWORD GOVERNMENT AT A GLANCE 2015 © OECD 2015 4 Elkaim and Isabelle Ynesta (OECD Statistics Directorate); Michael Hewetson and Oliver Petzold (Centre for Tax Policy), Gaetan Lafortune, (OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs), Corinne Heckman, Soumaya Maghnouj, Ignacio Marin, Joris Ranching, Katarzyna Kubacka, Julie Bélanger, Sophie Vayssettes (OECD Directorate for Education), Yvan Guillemette and Sylvie Toly (OECD Economics Directorate), Messaoud Hammouya (International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland) and Zoltan Mikolas (Consultant).